Your pond might be man-made, but the elements that support it are very well part of nature herself. So it goes without saying that from the fish to the vegetation, your pond’s health relies on no small part to seasonal changes. Adapt fast to the demands of each season, and you can ensure that your pond stays in tip-top shape. To streamline your tasks, here we have a to-do checklist according to the season.
The climate climbs to a friendlier level, the water warms up, and your pond returns to life. How you nurture it now dictates how fit it will be in the coming months.
- “Resurrect” the pond. From its semi-dormant state, turn that pump back on.
- Breathe life back to the fish by starting to feed them again. Their metabolism will start to rise with the temperature. So once the water reaches a regular 60-degrees Fahrenheit, start feeding them spring-time food to replenish their depleted fats.
- Get those leaves out and scoop out the build-up of sludge.
- Should the pond require extra cleaning. Here’s a simple step-by-step guide:
1) Pump the water out of the pond and into a large container.
2) Catch the fish with the fish net and put them in the large container.
3) Clean the actual pond comprehensively but try not to scrape off the algae as they could be beneficial.
4) Use Natural Golf Solutions’ LLMO Algae /Odor /Sludge Removal System which fosters an environment where the bacteria can convert sludge to harmless CO2.
5) Put the water back in with the fish along with the plants.
6) Add a dechlorinator.
- Fertilize the plants. Add new plants as soon as the weather permits.
- Keep the algae growth in check by adding Anacharis.
- Switch your ultraviolet sterilizer on once the biological filter is functioning and the water turns slightly green.
- Keep that filter clean as necessary. On the average, a weekly cleaning is optimum but there are some filters that only have to be cleaned once a month. Beware, though, of over-cleaning your biological filter as they can destroy the necessary bacteria in your pond.
The sun is at full strength and all traces of winter are gone. It’s a great time for your pond to prosper.
- Keep fertilizing your plants and maintaining your filters as you did in the previous season.
- Keep the pond free of dead foliage to maintain the appearance of the pond and to make room for new growth.
- Feed your fish well. By now, their winter metabolism has reverted to normal.
- Aeration, aeration, aeration. The fish needs more oxygen in warm conditions, so you use an additional air pump to facilitate good airflow.
An important and delicate transition period where you have to prepare the pond to move from the warm climes of summer to the winter’s harshness.
- Fall is marked by the falling of leaves. Clean them out of the pond daily to prevent them from decaying in the pond. Clear the pond from the leaves of your own pond plants as well.
- Start moving your plants to the deeper part of the pond to avoid the roots from freezing.
- If daily cleaning isn’t possible, install leaf netting over the pond.
- Before winter comes, minimize the amount of accumulating sludge and debris. The use of Natural Golf Solutions’ LLMO Algae /Odor /Sludge Removal System can help in this case as it fosters an environment where the bacteria can convert sludge to harmless CO2.
- Start feeding the fish less as their metabolism is slowing down with the drop in temperature. When the temperature drops to the sixties, limit their feeding to once a day; below sixties, feed them two or three times a week; and at below 50 degrees, stop feeding them altogether until next spring.
- Use a pond de-icer to keep your pond from freezing. A frozen pond traps toxic biological gases and can freeze your fish and plants solid.
- Keep the leaf netting you installed during fall as this will keep predators such as raccoons and birds from preying on your fish. The fish are more susceptible to these predators thanks to their slower metabolism and the absence of plants.
- Prepare the plants for the seasonal change as well.
- It’s your decision to keep the pump running through the winter. Opting to turn it on allows the good bacteria to stay alive but you could also risk over-circulating the water. When the water over-circulates, the freezing water might mix with the warm water below and freeze your fish to death. The fish will be able to stay alive anyway with the pump turned off since the fish needs less oxygen in the colder climate.